Two small ancient tombs dating back 3,500 years ago were discovered in the ancient capital of the Egyptian Empire. The tombs, located on the west bank of the Nile in a cemetery for noblemen and top officials, are the latest discoveries. In the city famed for its temples and tombs spanning different dynasties of ancient Egyptian history.
The artefacts found inside were mostly fragments of wooden coffins. Wall inscriptions and paintings suggest it belongs to an era between the reigns of King Amenhotep II and King Thutmose IV, both pharaohs of the 18th dynasty. Among the artefacts found inside are funerary cones, painted wooden funerary masks and clay vessels. A collection of some 450 statues, and a mummy wrapped in linen who was likely a top official.
Bones of Lucy
Ethiopia, a country situated in the Horn of Africa, remains the undisputed origin of mankind as palaeontologists believe that it is where the oldest homo sapiens remains were unearthed. Lucy, a fairly complete hominid skeleton, was discovered by paleoanthropologist Donald Johanson on November 24, 1974, at the site of Hadar in Ethiopia. It started with a spotted right forearm bone, a skull, and then a femur, some ribs, a pelvis, and the lower jaw were located. Two weeks later, after many hours of excavation, screening, and sorting, several hundred fragments of bone had been recovered, representing 40 percent of a single hominid skeleton.
Lucy the movie
The movie, which flirts with Bones of Lucy, starts with shots of the prehistoric ape-woman Lucy and periodically returns to her throughout the story, not-too-subtly comparing the heroine’s transformation to that of the species itself. Lucy depicts the human race’s fascination with the brain’s evolution from its finite prehistoric age to the era of a fully evolved homo sapien. The movie deals with a myth that human being only utilise 10 percent of their brain capacity and they could become superhumans if they were able to access the whole 100 percent of their brain.
Were Africans here first?
Contrary to the features of the modern native Americans that closely resemble people from Japan, China and Korea DNA from over 12 000-year-old skeleton helps answer the question as to who were the first Americans. Cave divers in 2007, discovered preserved remains which form the oldest, most complete and genetically intact human skeleton in the New World. Prevailing ideas point to all Native Americans descending from ancient Africans from Siberia who moved to across the Beringia bridge between Asia and North America between 26 000 and 18 000 years ago. They eventually moved southward and gave rise to the native American populations encountered by the European settlers centuries ago.
Have we made sufficient progress?
Given all the evidence that points to humankind and civilization originating in Africa, the question begs why Africans the world over are less wealthy, why they are largely prone to racial abuse and institutionalised racism designed to keep them inferior. Even though efforts of redress that started with the abolition of slave trade, and the subsequent African-American civil rights movement of 1954-1968 yielded some fruit, but sufficient progress hasn’t been made. Progress is the largely suppressed story of the race and race relations over the past half century. Black progress over the past half century has been impressive, conventional wisdom to the contrary notwistanding. And yet the nation has a long way to go on the road to true racial equality.
While there is progress that is seemingly clear, it is viewed as an illusion, the sort of fantasy to which intellectuals are particularly prone. But the ahistorical sense of nothing gained is in itself bad news. A 1997 Gallup poll found a sharp decline in optimism since 1980; only 33 percent of blacks (versus 58 percent of whites) thought both the equality of life for blacks and race relations had gotten better. The rise in racial inequality and tension, the rise in incidences of profiling of black people by the white police officers resulting in many fatal shootings of unarmed black males did nothing to support any progress that might have been made. The rise and prominence of Black Lives Matter shows the extent to which race relations have become strained the world over.
Thurgood Marshall in 1992 said “I wish I could say that racism and prejudice were only distant memories, but as I look around I see that even educated whites and African American have lost hope in equality”.
According to a new paper by Yale University point to the fact that wealthy whites overestimate progress toward racial economic equality despite evidence of persistent gaps between black and white workers when it comes to wages, annual income and household wealth. These findings are shocking in wake of 2017 census data that showed that African Americans were the only people group still making less than they did in 2000.
However, it is interesting to note that both black and white Americans of all income levels remain unaware of the economic inequality between the two groups. The misperceptions could negatively affect public policy as the country grows more diverse with politicians championing misguided legislation rooted in false impressions. It’s a classic case of not being able to solve problems that you don’t know you have.
As a people, we need to stop deceiving ourselves by apparent wilful blindness. Contrary to the most propagated narrative that the less wealthy individuals do not work hard enough or are genetically inferior. Wealth inequality based on race is deeply entrenched in this world.
A lot still needs to be done in order to heal the racial divide and the wealth gap between whites and non-white groups.